Periodontal Disease Treatment
Methods of Treatment
There are a number of different treatments that can be suggested for periodontal disease treatment. In order to determine the best course of treatment for each individual person, a detailed periodontal examination and diagnosis is required. Treatment can be non surgical based or surgical in nature.
Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease that progresses when the sulcus (also pocket or space) between the tooth and gum becomes irritated by bacteria, plaque, and tartar (calculus). The inflammation and irritants that are present cause damage to the gums and eventually the bone support that surrounds the tooth.
Gingivitis, which is inflammation of the gums without affecting the support of teeth can be treated with regular cleanings and an improvement of the oral hygiene process.
When the process has progressed to affect the supporting structures then calculus must be removed by performing a professional cleaning. The cleaning may require local anesthetic, a mouth rinse, and an antibiotic.
In the advent of more advanced periodontal disease, the patient may be referred to a periodontist who is a gum specialist. This specialist may recommend, in addition to the above treatment, a more advanced and specific surgical treatment. Some treatments can be tissue regeneration, pocket reduction surgery, soft or hard tissue grafting, or flap approach periodontal cleaning. To learn more about periodontal disease treatment at our clinic in Brampton, speak to one of our dentists.
Time spent on oral hygiene is vital to keep all areas clean.
Frequently Asked Questions
Getting periodontal dental care can lead to many questions, one of which is coverage for periodontal care. In general, periodontal disease treatments will almost always be covered by dental insurance benefits. This includes deep cleaning, evaluations, examinations, and radiographs (x-rays). When surgical treatment is necessary, it is necessary to send a dental estimate to dental insurance carriers to determine the level of coverage that insurance companies and your employers provide. Some insurances also have a health spending account, and this extra coverage may help cover more extensive periodontal treatments.
Good oral hygiene and regular dental visits help prevent gingivitis. Untreated gingivitis will most likely progress into periodontitis, a more significant and more damaging form of gum disease. Periodontitis is a significant worsening of the supporting structure that helps support the root of a tooth and is more difficult to treat than gingivitis. Untreated periodontitis can lead to painful infections, loose teeth, and eventual loss of teeth.
In the majority of patients, the most common cause is the level of plaque. Though plaque build-up is the most common, there are several other reasons that people develop periodontal disease. Along with plaque build-up, here are six other common reasons for periodontal disease:
- Plaque build-up. When plaque builds up, it concentrates the bacteria level around your gums, which can progress to periodontal disease if not removed by daily brushing and regular dental visits.
- Smoking and Chewing tobacco. Smoking/tobacco interferes with normal cell function and makes your gums more vulnerable to infections which can accelerate periodontal disease.
- Hormonal changes in females. Changes in hormones and pregnancy can make the gingival area more inflamed and symptomatic and more vulnerable to gum disease
- Prescription medications. The side effects of prescription medications can encourage bacterial growth, usually by making the person’s mouth dry.
- Nutritional deficiencies. Not getting enough vitamins and minerals can cause gingival problems. Also, a diet high in carbohydrates and sugars is ideal for accelerated bacterial growth.
- Crooked teeth. When teeth are crooked, they are more challenging to clean and can accumulate more plaque. The patient should be more vigilant when teeth are crooked.
- Family History. A history of periodontal disease does make family members more susceptible to getting periodontal disease. Consult your dentist if you suspect this.
Good oral hygiene, such as brushing and flossing, help prevent gum infections, cavities, and tooth loss. Having your teeth checked and cleaned regularly by a dentist or a dental hygienist is also essential. In addition to the above, being aware of what you eat and the type of foods you enjoy should also be thought of when you want to maintain a healthy oral state. High sugar treats and sweets should be followed by brushing and flossing to maintain good oral hygiene.
Finally, understanding the risk factors that may contribute to developing gum disease. Those are mainly smoking, diabetes, medications, heredity, hormonal changes.
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