A dental bridge, also called a fixed bridge or a non-removable bridge, is a dental restoration that replaces one or more missing teeth. Dental bridges can be supported by either implants or teeth. The design of the bridge itself can be porcelain with a metal substructure or be a more esthetic full porcelain bridge. Each design has its advantages and disadvantages which can be discussed at the time of treatment.
There are many reasons why a dental bridge could make a reasonable recommendation. The most common reasons are to fill the missing space or to restore chewing, speaking, smiling or facial shape. Some other reasons are to prevent other teeth from drifting, to upgrade from a removable partial denture, or to have treatment done quickly since implants may take months to complete.
Dental bridges are very durable and esthetically appealing. The process usually takes two appointments. While numb, the first appointment is where the anchoring teeth are prepared as though a crown was being made (by reducing approximately 1.5 mm of the visible tooth) and then taking an accurate mold or impression of the area. In addition to this, a proper shade or color of the bridge is taken to replicate your exact color. All this information is sent to a laboratory technician to make a bridge. During the period while the bridge is being made a temporary bridge is placed to cover exposed teeth and keep teeth in their original position.
The second appointment is simply to insert the permanent bridge to ensure proper esthetics and function. The approved bridge is then cemented, and the patient is shown how to take care of the bridge. Proper oral hygiene is essential to maintain healthy teeth